Albers-Schönberg disease

Gr. osteo = of the bone, petrō-, var. s. of petroûn = to turn to stone. Albers-Schönberg disease, or osteopetrosis, is characterised by increased radiological density of the skeleton. The…

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Listeria

A genus of small, gram-positive, rods, Listeria was first isolated by Murray in 1924 as Bacterium monocytogenes. In 1927, Pirie proposed the genus Listerella in honor of British surgeon Sir…

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Myobacterium chimaera

Formerly an unnamed Mycobacterium sequevar within the M. avium–M. intracellulare–M. scrofulaceum group (MAIS), M. chimaera is an emerging opportunistic pathogen that can cause infections of heart valve prostheses, vascular grafts,…

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Oropouche Virus

In September 1955, a virus was isolated from a 24-year-old forest worker from the community of Vega de Oropouche, near the town of Sangre Grande, on the island of Trinidad…

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Patient Zero

Originally patient O (standing for out of California), referring to Gaëtan Dugas, a superspreader of AIDS who was at the time erroneously believed to have introduced the virus to the…

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