Albers-Schönberg disease

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Gr. osteo = of the bone, petrō-, var. s. of petroûn = to turn to stone. Albers-Schönberg disease, or osteopetrosis, is characterised by increased radiological density of the skeleton. The…

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Listeria

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A genus of small, gram-positive, rods, Listeria was first isolated by Murray in 1924 as Bacterium monocytogenes. In 1927, Pirie proposed the genus Listerella in honor of British surgeon Sir…

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Myobacterium chimaera

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Formerly an unnamed Mycobacterium sequevar within the M. avium–M. intracellulare–M. scrofulaceum group (MAIS), M. chimaera is an emerging opportunistic pathogen that can cause infections of heart valve prostheses, vascular grafts,…

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Oropouche Virus

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In September 1955, a virus was isolated from a 24-year-old forest worker from the community of Vega de Oropouche, near the town of Sangre Grande, on the island of Trinidad…

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Patient Zero

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Originally patient O (standing for out of California), referring to Gaëtan Dugas, a superspreader of AIDS who was at the time erroneously believed to have introduced the virus to the…

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Scopalamine

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Scopalamine (also referred to as hyoscine, Devil's Breath) is derived from one type of nightshade known as Scopolia, while the name "hyoscine" is derived from another type known as Hyoscyamus…

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