Kala Azar

Sanskrit kala = black and Persian/Hindustani azar = fever

Kala-Azar, Assam fever, Dumdum fever are names given to the visceral manifestation of leishmaniasis. Kala-Azar refers to the darkening of the skin on the extremities and abdomen. Dumdum refers to the city Dumdum in Calcutta, India, where the first cases were registered by the Irish physician Charles Donovan.

Indian boy with visceral leishmaniosis. Note the marked organomegaly of liver and spleen.